The number of temporary foreign workers present in Canada increased from 52,000 in 1996 to 310,000 in 2015 (Statistics Canada, January 2018). Due to the growing number of temporary foreign workers, their length of stay and rate are relevant to the immigration and labour policies of Canada. In order to work in Canada on a temporary basis, most foreign workers require a work permit.
For foreign workers, an offer of employment from a Canadian employer is usually required before the worker may be granted a Temporary Work Permit by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). There are several steps to this process. Depending upon the foreign worker’s country of citizenship, a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) may also need to be obtained in order to enter Canada.
Step 1: Employer applies for Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), if necessary.
Step 2: Employer extends Temporary Job Offer.
Step 3: Foreign Worker applies for Work Permit.
Step 4: Work Permit is issued.